Monday, February 21, 2005


Hi again and I am sorry for all this absence and as I told in my last blog that I was having the mid year exam which they were finished today and I begin to wrote my blog as I promise you.
This week was full of sadness and funerals because I go to 5 funerals in this week only, 2 of the were to 2 young people died in explosion of mine put on the side of the road and there was a third guy with them his leg was cut due to the explosion,these days you dont know when you will die because the bombed cars are in every place and kill from the civilians and innocent peoples more than the others. Today I will talk about the ethnoreligious areas in Iraq.and about some fact of the election but in my next blog I will write the members of the Transitional National Assembly .
I am very gratefull to any one help me and will help me in everything he did because these days I need some money urgently and I didnt find any job till today...
Ethnoreligious Areas
Iraq has long been a religious, ethnic and ideological mix. Shiite Muslim Arabs are the majority, but Saddam's Baathists were Sunni Muslims. In forming a new government, Shiite leaders insisted their share of power should reflect its majority, a position that worried other minorities as well as Iraq's mostly Sunni Arab neighbors. Iyad Allawi, a Shiite who was chosen as prime minister of the interim government, heads a group that stresses secularism and counts Sunnis and Shiites among its members.
The final allocation gives seats in the Transitional National Assembly to 12 parties out of the 111 political entities on the ballot.
Iraqis voted for lists of candidates, rather than individuals, in the National Assembly election. In all, some 19,000 candidates were competing, and by law at least 30 percent of the candidates on each list were women. When the vote was certified Feb. 17, 2005, the United Iraqi Alliance, which carried the endorsement of top Shiite cleric Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani, had won the majority of seats. But the alliance lacked the two-thirds majority needed to select the president, making coalition-building an essential task in forming the new government. Another challenge was including Sunni Arabs, who came out to the polls in low numbers and were therefore under-represented in the allocation of seats.

Votes And Seats
In results certified by the Iraqi Electoral Commission Feb. 17, 2005, 12 of the 111 parties and candidate lists that competed in Iraq's election got enough votes to gain seats in the new National Assembly. Here are the parties that won:
United Iraqi Alliance: 4,075,295 votes; 140 seats
Kurdistan Alliance: 2,175,551 votes; 75 seats
Iraqi List: 1,168,943 votes; 40 seats
Iraqis: 150,680 votes; 5 seats
Turkomen Iraqi Front: 93,480 votes; 3 seats
National Independent Elites: 69,938 votes; 3 seats
Communist Party: 69,920 votes; 2 seats
Islamic Kurdish Society: 60,592 votes; 2 seats
Islamic Labor Movement in Iraq: 43,205 votes; 2 seats
National Democratic Alliance: 36,795 votes; 1 seat
National Rafidain List: 36,255 votes; 1 seat
Reconciliation and Liberation: 30,796 votes; 1 seats
Total votes: 8,456,266
Invalid votes: 94,305 total
Minimum number of votes needed for seat: 30,750
Turnout was 58 percent
"This is a new birth for Iraq, a free Iraq," election commission spokesman Fareed Ayar said.
Of about 8.56 million votes cast in the election, the UIA received 4.08 million, the combined Kurdish parties garnered 2.17 million and the Iraqi list of interim Prime Minister Ayad Allawi got 1.17 million.
But the shape of the government is not clear until this moment because many resources said that Dr. Ibraheem (ISALMIC DAAWA PARTY) iwill win and become the vice president ,Jalal Altalbani will be the president of Iraq but all this is talk and nothing is true and can be believed.
About Transitional National Assembly
Given the allocations, no single party has the two-thirds majority that is necessary to name the three-member Presidency Council, which is the Assembly’s first order of business. Consequently, the parties will have to engage in negotiations and coalition building in order to make governmental appointments and enact legislation.
While the Presidency Council serves a largely ceremonial function, it is entrusted with the task of appointing a prime minister, who will exercise the majority of executive and administrative powers. The prime minister and his or her Council of Ministers is subject to approval by a majority vote in the Assembly.
According to the Transitional Administrative Law (TAL), the Assembly must also muster a two-thirds majority to overturn presidential vetoes of proposed legislation.
The primary task of the Assembly is to draft a constitution. Several political leaders who fared poorly in the elections have indicated that they are still interested in participating in the constitutional process. This is in keeping with the provisions of the TAL that says the Assembly shall proceed with this task “by encouraging debate on the constitution through regular general public meetings in all parts of Iraq and through the media, and receiving proposals from the citizens of Iraq as it writes the constitution.”
According to the TAL, the Assembly has until August 15 to propose a draft of the document to the Iraqi people, who will vote on it in a referendum October 15. If the voters approve the constitution, it will serve as the basis for a new election December 15 to establish a constitutional government.
More than 8.5 million Iraqis participated in the January elections despite threats of violence and terrorist attacks. Voter turnout was slightly above 58 percent.
Voters also cast ballots for governorate councils in each of Iraq’s 18 provinces.
"This is a birth for Iraq, a free Iraq," said IECI spokesman Farid Ayar as he released the election results February 13.
Thank you...................


Blogger Louise said...

Saleem, I hope you will post information about the process of writing the constitution as it progresses. I'd like to hear your views on how it is being done and whether the elected officials are doing a good job of involving citizens in the process.

22/2/05 6:17 PM  
Blogger Brian H said...

I hadn't realized the president had veto power. That makes things rather more interesting, doesn't it? I'm almost sorry this government is set up to run only for a few months. It looks like a fascinating mix of players and powers.

Let the fun begin!


24/2/05 1:39 PM  

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